Claudel, Paul

(1868-1955)
   writer, poet, diplomat
   Born in Villeneuve-sur-Fère, Aisne, Paul Claudel was of a provincial bourgeois background. Early influences on him were the scientific, naturalistic, and materialistic ideas of the late 19th century. It was at Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris (December 25, 1886) that he said he had a revelation of the Catholic faith. Certainly, his volumes of poetry, plays, religious prose, travel writing, and literary criticism often expressed his ardent Roman Catholicism. His early works are influenced also by Stéphane mallarmé (Tête d'or, 1890; La Ville, 1893). Claudel studied for a diplomatic career that began in 1893 with an assignment to the United States, where he wrote L'Échange (1895). From 1895 to 1909, he was posted in the Far East, which also enriched his literary experiences. Returning to Europe, he served successively as French consul in Prague, Frankfurt, and Hamburg, until he left Germany in 1914. He subsequently was a minister plenipotentiary in Rio de Janeiro, then in Copenhagen, then was named French ambassador to Japan (1921), the United States (1927), and Belgium (1933-36). During these periods he wrote L'Otage (1911), L'Annonce faite à Marie (1912), Le Pain dur (1914), Le Père humilié (1916), and Le Soulier de satin (1929). Claudel frequently used themes relating to spiritual conflict and the salvation of the soul, and he was, in many ways, influenced, as noted, by the symbolists, Richard Wagner, and Friedrich Nietzsche, as well as the philosophies of the Far East. These multiple influences would convince him also to equate poetry with action. other of Claudel's works include Présence et Prophétie (1942), L'Apocalypse (1952), and a translation of Aeschylus's Oresteia (1916). His correspondence with andré Gide (1899-1926) was published in 1952. Claudel was elected to the Académie Française in 1946.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • CLAUDEL, PAUL° — (1868–1955), French poet, playwright, and diplomat. A nominal Catholic who experienced a profound religious reawakening in 1886, Claudel was increasingly influenced by the Bible and by the continuity of the Jewish people. The theme of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Claudel, Paul — ▪ French author in full  Paul Louis Charles Marie Claudel  born Aug. 6, 1868, Villeneuve sur Fère, Fr. died Feb. 23, 1955, Paris  poet, playwright, essayist, a towering force in French literature of the first half of the 20th century, whose works …   Universalium

  • Claudel, Paul — ► (1868 1955) Poeta y dramaturgo francés. Su producción teatral se inició con dramas simbolistas como Cabeza de oro (1889) y La doncella Violaine (1892 93). En 1912 estrenó La anunciación a María y en 1943 El zapato de raso, sus dos obras más… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Claudel,Paul Louis Charles — Claudel, Paul Louis Charles. 1868 1955. French diplomat and writer whose works include poetry and a number of plays, such as Tidings Brought to Mary (1912). * * * …   Universalium

  • Claudel, Paul (-Louis-Charles-Marie) — (6 ago. 1868, Villeneuve sur Fère, Francia–23 feb. 1955, París). Poeta, dramaturgo y diplomático francés. Se convirtió al catolicismo a la edad de 18 años. Su brillante carrera diplomática comenzó en 1892 y finalizó como embajador en Japón… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Claudel, Paul (-Louis-Charles-Marie) — born Aug. 6, 1868, Villeneuve sur Fère, France died Feb. 23, 1955, Paris French poet, playwright, and diplomat. He converted to Catholicism at age 18. His brilliant diplomatic career began in 1892, and he eventually served as ambassador to Japan… …   Universalium

  • Claudel — Claudel, Paul …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Paul Claudel — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Paul Claudel …   Wikipedia Español

  • Paul Claudel — Born 6 August 1868(1868 08 06) Villeneuve sur Fère, France Died 23 February 1955(1955 02 23) ( …   Wikipedia

  • Paul Claudel — (* 6. August 1868 in Villeneuve sur Fère; † 23. Februar 1955 in Paris) war ein französischer Schriftsteller, Dichter und Diplomat. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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